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Pa0nhc magnetic active NVIS receiving antenna for the 80m band.
Updated schematics, PCBs and construction.

This article is still being reconstructed. 20180116.

(C) The use, copy and modification of all info on this site is only permitted for non-commercial purposes, and
thereby explicitly stating
my radio amateur call sign "PA0NHC" as the original writer / designer / photographer / publisher.

If a link does not work, then the item was renewed by me. Remedy : first press F5, and try again.


New antenna unit PCB with coax choke.


New tuner unit PCB with power supply and mains filter.


Prototype top view


Prototype tuning unit with internal noise free power supply.

- Unsusceptible antenna unit.
- Much smaller size than a rotate able dipole antenna or loop antenna.
- Antenna directive pattern is like a full size dipole on low height.
        Excellent NVIS antenna when for 80m or 160m or 40m..
        If rotate able, noise sources within short range can be "nulled".
- Very selective. Acts like a good pre selector.
- Good sensitivity due to the use of an optimal ferrite rod and Hi-Z FET input.
- IMD-free, the specially designed electronics can handle very strong signals.
- The input circuitry is guarded against very strong field strengths like a local transmitter and nearby lightning.
- Remotely tunable with :
       
Super simple (one coax) connection between tuner unit and antenna unit ( developed by pa0nhc).
- This version tunes between 3,5MHz and 3,8MHz.
- But the used ferrite rod is optimal for high-Q antennas between 0.1  and 21 MHz.
- The antenna PCB fits in a piece of 50mm (ALU or PVC) pipe.
- The antenna ferrite rod fits inside a piece of 32mm PVC pipe.
- The antenna PCB contains a coax mantle current choke.
- The tuner unit contains a noiseless power supply and an optimal mains noise filter.
- The tuner PCB fits inside a neath and cheap Proma ALU enclosure.
- The PDF parts list gives suggestions for perfect fitting components, with ordering data for "www.conrad.nl", and component details for other suppliers.

New designed, military grade PCBs will be available on demand. Info at : 

- Double sided with on both sides mass planes for clean signals.
- With wide top and bottom inter connecting vias.
- No cooling profiles needed. All SMD semiconductors are contact cooled by soldering hem directly onto the PCB plane. 
- All parts soldered on top plane
- Enlarged SMD solder pads for easier soldering.
- Optimal combination of through-hole and SMD components
- Green top and bottom solder masks => NO undetected short circuits.
- White top silk with clear component outlines and texts for easy assemblage.

To prevent unauthorized commercial exploitation by others, schematics below do not contain component IDs nor values. 
But :
    - both PCBs contain top silks with all component IDs.
    - a complete component IDs list will be send to you together with ordered PCBs.
Correct placing of components should be easy.

REM : If  Conrad.nl  does not sell to your country, please do use the component details mentioned in the ordering data below, for ordering elsewhere. 

You can (pre-)order the needed components using this list : 

Component ordering data (PDF)

Assembling the tuner PCB

Installing the tuner PCB

Assembling the antenna PCB

Assembling the ferrite antenna

Adaption of the tuning range

Installation

Denoising

Some design details.
        Antenna unit.
The sensitivity and selectivity are maximal due to the use of an optimal type ferrite rod.
        REM: a test with balanced and a screened coils gave much weaker signals.
Superb large signal properties are obtained by "Back-to-back" connected capacitance tuning diodes, an optimally setup source follower buffer/driver with a very steep single gate MOSfet, and the emitter follower output using a very high-Ft UHF transistor.
The input circuitry is guarded against damages by fast switching diodes.
An on-board mantle current choke blocks noises coming from the coax mantle.
For best results, the antenna unit PCB should be grounded directly onto a noise free grounded mast, via its two M3 holes, but not at the BNC-bus.

        The tuner unit has a build-in noiseless power supply.
To prevent injection of noises from mains power lines, the tuner PCB is designed for maximal RF-isolation between the mains and the DC-output :
- All mains-related components are on the back of the unit.
- All other components are at the front side.
- The whole unit is NOT connected to the mains safety ground.
- The "ground" connection at the output side of the optimal type mains noise filter, is connected to the (grounded) housing of the tuner unit.
- The little mains transformer has separated chambers for primary and secondary windings, with very small coupling capacitances.
- The low drop bridge rectifier is bypassed with capacitors to prevent rattle and IMD.
- Both PCB sides contain screening ground surfaces.

Grounding : Your mains power supply should contain an automatic ground current leak detecting safety switch.

    IF the antenna unit PCB is grounded to a noise free grounded mast :
        the receiver and the tuning unit should NOT be grounded, but only be "grounded" via the coax cable to the antenna unit.

    IF your antenna PCB is not grounded :            
        The tuner unit, and the connected receiver, should all be connected to one noise-free ground.